Only a quarter of multivitamins aimed at children contain the recommended level of vitamin D, according to research.
Health officials recommend anyone over the age of one receive a daily 10 microgram (400IU) vitamin D supplement.
While infants aged under one should be given a 8.5 to 10 microgram (340-400IU) daily vitamin D supplement to ensure they get enough.
But a study, branded ‘highly concerning’, has now found the multivitamin market is flooded with products that fail to hit the recommended dose.
Vitamins produced by Bassetts, Haliborange, Holland and Barrett, and Vitabiotics were among those who had products below the guidelines.
Bassetts soft chew raspberry-flavoured multivitamins, aimed at seven to 11 year olds, contained just 200IU of vitamin D, while Colief’s Vitamin D3 Drops has just 320IU
A team of academics based at the universities of Oxford and Southampton analysed dozens of vitamins aimed at children.
They were sold by Asda, Morrisons, Ocado, Sainsbury’s, Tesco, Boots, Holland and Barrett, Lloyds Pharmacy and Superdrug.
Vitamin D is essential to prevent rickets, a condition that affects bone development in children and which can lead to the growth of soft, weak and deformed limbs.
It is difficult to get enough vitamin D from diet, and the main source is sunshine. But the weather in the UK means there is limited sunlight from November to March.
In total, 67 multivitamin products made by 24 different manufacturers were included in the study, published in the Archives of Disease in Childhood.
Only one multivitamin was suitable for use from birth – by Abidec – and this supplied 200IU per day – around half the recommended amount.
For children under six months, only one multivit contained more than 340 IU/day vitamin D, but this was only recommended from four months of age.
For children over six months, between 25 and 36 per cent of the available products provided the recommended 400IU per day.
Holland and Barrett’s Baby Vitamin D3 formulated for babies liquid contains just 200IU of vitamin D, while Centrum Kids Chewable Multivitamin has just 120IU
HOW COMMON ARE VITAMIN D DEFICIENCIES?
The number of people being hospitalised for the ‘Victorian’ diseases scurvy, rickets and gout has risen by a quarter in a single year, it was revealed today.
NHS figures show the old-fashioned illnesses, and vitamin D deficiencies, are on the rise and sending children as young as nine to hospital wards.
Vitamin D deficiency is the biggest problem of the four, the data showed, with the bone-weakening condition shooting up by 34 per cent in a year.
There were a total of 267,511 hospital admissions in 2017/18 for those four conditions – a rise of 26 per cent on 212,239 the year before.
More than a third of all those patients had a vitamin D deficiency as either their main diagnosis or something which was noticed afterwards.
The team of researchers, led by Dr Nicholas Harvey, also looked at specific vitamin D products and vitamins marketed as being for healthy bones.
Of the 24 products that were available, the range of vitamin D in them ranged from between 50 to 1,000IU.
Six products were suitable from birth, of which five contained 340 to 400IU per day – around the recommended amount.
Nearly two thirds of the vitamin D specific products contained at least 400 IU/day, found Dr Harvey and colleagues.
The authors wrote: ‘There is a wide range of both multivitamins and vitamin D supplements available for children in the UK, yet most of these do not provide the recommended 400 IU/day.
‘Multivitamins typically had lower vitamin D content than pure vitamin D supplements or “healthy bones” products, although some products labelled as “for bones” contained very low levels of vitamin D.’
The team also looked at the Government’s Healthy Start scheme, which provides free multivitamins to low-income families, but these provide only 300IU per day of vitamin D.
Haliborange’s Baby & Toddler Multivitamins Everyday Health for one month olds contains just 70IU of vitamin D. The team also looked at the Government’s Healthy Start scheme, which provides free multivitamins to low-income families, but these provide only 300IU
Dr Benjamin Jacobs, from the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health (RCPCH), said: ‘A normal healthy UK diet provides less than 10 per cent of the recommended amount of vitamin D.
‘The natural way to obtain vitamin D is from sunlight, but there is inadequate exposure to sunlight in the UK so supplements are the only way to ensure UK children get the recommended dose.
‘To learn that so many products fail to provide children with the recommended level of Vitamin D is highly concerning, especially when latest evidence shows our children’s average intake are still below the recommended amount.
‘These products are misleading parents who think they are protecting their children from serious conditions such as rickets, poor growth and muscle weakness.
‘I would advise all parents to check that the supplements they use contain the recommended 400 units of vitamin D and consult their pharmacist if they are unsure.’
He also said the Government should seriously consider fortifying some foods and milk with vitamin D.
Dr Carrie Ruxton, from the industry-funded health and food supplements information service (HSIS), said: ‘Food supplements are meant to supplement the diet, not replace the nutrients obtained from foods.
‘In that respect, and since there are varying recommendations across different age groups of children, it is right that different supplements offer different doses.
‘Smaller doses allow parents to use the same product for younger and older children by varying the amount given.
‘According to the most recent National Diet and Nutrition Survey data, children and adolescents are only getting a fifth of the recommended vitamin D intake of 10 microgram from food alone.
‘Many of the supplements in this survey would actually bridge the dietary gap topping up intake towards the recommended 10 microgram daily.’
|BRAND||PRODUCT (MULTIVITAMINS)||FORM||AGE RANGE||VITAMIN D|
|Abidec||Multivitamin drops for babies and children||Liquid||Birth – 1 year||200|
|Abidec||Multivitamin drops for babies and children||Liquid||1 year – 12 years||400|
|Abidec||Advanced Multivitamin Syrup plus omega 6 & 9||Liquid||1 year 5 years||300|
|ASDA||Children’s Health Multivitamin Jellies||Soft chew||>3 years||300|
|ASDA||Childrens Health Chewable Multivitamins & minerals||Chewable Tablet||3 years 7 years||300|
|ASDA||Childrens Health Chewable Multivitamins & minerals||Chewable Tablet||>7 years||600|
|Bassetts||Multivitamins (Strawberry flavour )||Soft chew||3 years 6 years||200|
|Bassetts||Multivitamins (Orange flavour)||Soft chew||3 years 6 years||200|
|Bassetts||Multivitamins + Omega-3 (Blackcurrant and Apple flavour)||Soft chew||3 years 6 years||200|
|Bassetts||Multivitamins + Vitamin D & Calcium (Peach & Apricot flavour)||Soft chew||3 years 6 years||400|
|Bassetts||Multivitamins (Raspberry flavour)||Soft chew||7 years 11 years||200|
|Bassetts||Multivitamins + Omega-3 (Tropical Flavour)||Soft chew||7 years 11 years||200|
|Better You||MultiVit Oral Spray||Oral Spray||1 year 16 years||400|
|Bioglan||Family Multivitamin VitaGummies||Soft Chew||>4 years||100-200|
|Boots Pharmaceuticals||Kids Chewable Multivitamin A-Z||Chewable Tablet||>3 years||300|
|Boots Pharmaceuticals||Kids Multivitamin Syrup||Liquid||>6 months||280|
|Boots Pharmaceuticals||Kids Multivitamin Gummy Packs||Soft Chew||>3 years||400|
|Boots Pharmaceuticals||Kids Multivitamin Gummies||Soft Chew||>3 years||400|
|Boots Pharmaceuticals||Kids Omega 3||Chewable Capsule||>3 years||200|
|Centrum||Kids Chewable Multivitamin||Chewable Tablet||> 4 years||120|
|Floradix||Kindervital for Children Fruity Formula||Liquid||>3 years||280|
|Gumi||Junior Multivit Gummies||Soft Chew||>3 years||400|
|Gumi||Junior Immunity Gummies||Soft Chew||>3 years||400|
|Haliborange||Baby & Toddler Multivitamins Everyday Health||Liquid||1 month – 4months||70|
|Haliborange||Baby & Toddler Multivitamins Everyday Health||Liquid||4 months – 4 years||140|
|Haliborange||Baby & Toddler Multivitamins Everyday Health||Liquid||>4 years||280|
|Haliborange||Softies Multivitamins Everyday Health (Orange flavour)||Soft Chew||3 years 12 years||100-200|
|Haliborange||Softies Multivitamins Everyday Health (Strawberry flavour)||Soft Chew||3 years 12 years||100-200|
|Haliborange||Multivitamins Calcium & Iron Everyday Health||Chewable Tablet||>3 years||100-200|
|Haliborange||Vitamins A C & D chewable tablets||Chewable Tablet||>3 years||200|
|Haliborange||Mr Men Little Miss Multivitamins||Soft Chew||>3 years||100-200|
|Haliborange||Mr Men Little Miss Omega-3 & Multivitamins||Soft Chew||3 years 7 years||100-200|
|Haliborange||Mr Men Little Miss Softies Omega-3 & Multivitamins 7 Daily Packs||Soft Chew||3 years 7 years||100|
|Haliborange||Mr Men Little Miss A C & D||Chewable Tablet||>3 years||200|
|Haliborange||Softies Omega-3 & Multivitamins||Soft Chew||3 years 12 years||100-200|
|Haliborange||Omega-3 DHA with Vitamins A C D & D Brain Support||Liquid||3 years 12 years||200|
|Haliborange||Omega-3 DHA with Vitamins A C D & D Brain Support Bursts||Chewable Capsule||3 years 12 years||200-300|
|Higher Nature||Kids Vital Vits||Chewable Tablet||>3 years||200|
|Holland & Barrett||Healthy Kids Multivitamins plus Omega 3||Soft Chew||>3 years||100|
|Holland & Barrett||Healthy Kids Multivitamins||Soft Chew||>3 years||100|
|Holland & Barrett||Pre-Vites plus Iron||Chewable Tablet||>3 years||400|
|Holland & Barrett||Baby Multivitamin Liquid||Liquid||1 month 6 months||140|
|Holland & Barrett||Baby Multivitamin Liquid||Liquid||6 months – 11 years||280|
|Holland & Barrett||Baby Multivitamin Liquid||Liquid||>11 years||560|
|Holland & Barrett||Healthy Kids Omega 3 Fish Oils with A D E & C||Chewable capsule||>3 years||200|
|Mill House Jelly Bears||Multivitamins||Soft Chew||>3 years||100-200|
|Mill House Jelly Bears||Omega 3 and Multivitamins||Soft Chew||>3 years||50-100|
|Mill House Jelly Bears||Calcium and Multivitamins||Soft Chew||>3 years||100-200|
|Mill House Jelly Bears||Zinc and Multivitamins||Soft Chew||>3 years||100-200|
|Lloyds Pharmacy||Childrens Vitamins ABCDE||Soft Chew||>3 years||300|
|Minavex||Multivitamin liquid||Liquid||1 year 4 years||100|
|Minavex||Multivitamin liquid||Liquid||>4 years||200|
|Morrisons||Kids ABCDE Jelly Vitamins||Soft Chew||>3 years||200|
|Morrisons||Kids Chewable Multivitamins||Chewable Tablet||>3 years||100|
|Natures Aid||Multivitamin Drops||Liquid||3 months 5 years||300|
|Natures Aid||Kidz Daily Multi-vitamin & Minerals||Liquid||6 years – 12 years||600|
|Natures Aid||Kidz Immune Support||Liquid||6 years -12 years||400|
|Nature’s Way||Alive! Gummies Multi-vitamin for Children||Soft Chew||>2 years||400|
|Nature’s Way||Alive! Childrens Chewable Multivitamin||Chewable Tablet||>2 years||600|
|NHS||Healthy Start Children’s Vitamin Drops||Liquid||>6 months||300|
|Optima Healthcare||Junior Multi Plus||Chewable Tablet||>2 years||100|
|Sainsburys||Kids Chewable Multivitamin & Minerals||Chewable Tablet||>3 years||200|
|Tender Loving Care UK Ltd||Chewy Vites Kids MultiVitamin Advance||Chewable Tablet||1 year 3 years||200|
|Tender Loving Care UK Ltd||Chewy Vites Kids MultiVitamin Advance||Chewable Tablet||>4 years||200-400|
|Tesco||Kids Jelly Multivitamins with A, B, C, D + E (Strawberry)||Soft Chew||>3 years||300|
|Tesco||Kids Jelly Multivitamins with A, B, C, D + E (Orange)||Soft Chew||>3 years||300|
|Tesco||Kids Chewable Multivitamins Plus Minerals||Chewable Tablet||>3 years||400|
|Vitabiotics||Wellbaby Multi-vitamin Liquid||Liquid||6 months 4 years||400|
|Vitabiotics||Wellbaby Multi-vitamin Drops||Liquid||4 months 12 months||400|
|Vitabiotics||Wellkid Multi-vitamin Liquid||Liquid||4 years 10 years||400|
|Vitabiotics||Wellkid Multi-vitamin Liquid||Liquid||11 years – 12 years||800|
|Vitabiotics||Wellkid Smart Chewable Multi-vitamin||Chewable Tablet||4 years 12 years||400|
|Vitabiotics||Wellkid Immune Chewable Multi-vitamins & Minerals||Chewable Tablet||4 years 12 years||280|
|Vitabiotics||Wellkid Soft Jelly Pastilles Multi-vitamins & Flaxseed oil (Orange flavour)||Soft Chew||4 years 12 years||0|
|Vitabiotics||Wellkid Soft Jelly Pastilles Multi-vitamins & Flaxseed oil (Strawberry flavour)||Soft Chew||4 years 12 years||0|
|Vitabiotics||Wellkid Peppa Pig Multi-vits||Soft Chew||3 years 7 years||400|
|BRAND||PRODUCT (VITAMIN D)||FORM||AGE RANGE||VITAMIN D|
|Better You||DLux Junior||Oral Spray||>3 years||400|
|Better You||DLux Infant||Oral Spray||Birth 3 years||400|
|Boots Pharmaceuticals||Kids Vitamin D Gummies||Soft Chew||>3 years||400|
|Colief||Vitamin D3 drops||Liquid||>1 month||320|
|Ddrops||Baby Ddrops||Liquid||From birth||400|
|Gumi||Family Vitamin D3||Soft Chew||>3 years||400|
|Haliborange||Calcium & Vitamin D Softies||Soft Chew||3 years 12 years||200-400|
|Haliborange||Mr Men Little Miss Calcium & Vitamin D||Soft Chew||>3 years||200-400|
|Higher Nature||Kids Relax & Unwind for Bones and Relaxation||Dissolvable Powder||>3years||50|
|Higher Nature||Kids Growing Bones||Chewable Tablet||>3 years||100|
|Holland & Barrett||Baby Vitamin D3 formulated for babies||Liquid||Birth 6 months||200|
|Holland & Barrett||Baby Vitamin D3 formulated for babies||Liquid||6 months 12 months||320|
|Holland & Barrett||Healthy Kids Vitamin D3 plus calcium||Soft Chew||>3 years||200|
|Holland & Barrett||Healthy Kids Vitamin D3 formulated for kids||Liquid||>1 year||340|
|Internis Pharmaceuticals||Fultium Daily D3 drops||Liquid||Birth 1 year||340|
|Internis Pharmaceuticals||Fultium Daily D3 drops||Liquid||>1 year||400|
|Morrisons||Kids Chewable Vitamin D||Chewable Tablet||>3 years||400|
|Natures Aid||Vitamin D3 mini drops||Liquid||Birth 5 years||400|
|Natures Aid||Kidz Bone Support||Liquid||6 years 12 years||600|
|Natures Way||Alive! Calcium Soft Jell||Soft Chew||>3 years||1000|
|Natures Way||Alive! Vitamin D3 Soft Jell||Soft Chew||>3 years||1000|
|Tender Loving Care UK Ltd||ChewyVites Kids Calcium & Vitamin D||Soft Chew||>1 year||200-400|
|Vitabiotics||Wellbaby Vit D drops||Liquid||Birth 4 years||400|
|Vitabiotics||Wellkid Calcium Liquid||Liquid||4 years 6 years||280|
|Vitabiotics||Wellkid Calcium Liquid||Liquid||7 years -12 years||560|
|Vitabiotics||Wellkid Peppa Pig vitamin D||Soft Chew||3 7 years||400|
|Vitabiotics||Wellkid Omega-3 plus vitamin D||Chewable capsule||4 years 12 years||400-800|