Breakfast cereals still contain ‘unacceptable’ amounts of sugar and supermarkets’ own-brand products are the worst offenders, campaigners have warned.
The NHS last summer urged manufacturers to change what they put in cereals or face a mandatory sugar tax like the one on soft drinks.
But Action on Sugar found nearly half still contain large amounts of sugar, with a way to go for companies to meet Public Health England’s target of cutting sugar content by 20 per cent.
The worst offending cereal – Malt-O-Meal’s Marshmallow Mateys – was found to be 40 per cent sugar.
The campaign group now say it is ‘immoral’ to have colourful cartoon packaging aimed at children, and are now calling for it to be banned.
The cereals with the most sugar per 100g are (clockwise from top left) Marshmallow Mateys (40.2g), Morrisons Choco Pillows (36.1g), Sainsbury’s Frosted Flakes (34g), Morrisons Choco Crackles (32.1g), Tesco Choco Snaps (32.1g), Asda Choco Snaps (32g), Aldi’s Harvest Morn Honey & Nut Clusters with Milk Chocolate (30g), and Sainsbury’s Choco Hazelnut Squares (29.7g)
Many cereals can provide children with a third of their daily sugar allowance in a single bowl before they even leave for school in the morning, the research showed.
NHS guidelines recommend children consume no more than 19g of sugar each day between four and six years old, rising to 24g for under-10s and 30g for over-11s.
Eating too much sugar can increases children’s risk of becoming obese, developing type 2 diabetes later in life, and suffering from tooth decay.
Marshmallow Mateys contain 40.2g of sugar per 100g, which works out at 12.2g in an average bowl, the research found.
Other cereals containing more than 30g per 100g included Morrisons Choco Pillows (36.1g), Sainsbury’s Frosted Flakes (34g) and Morrisons Choco Crackles (32.1g).
Supermarket own-brand cereals dominated the 20 most sugar-filled options, taking 18 of the places.
After Marshmallow Mateys – made in the US – the worst offending brand-name cereal is Kellogg’s Coco Pops Rocks in 20th place, with 27g of sugar per 100g.
Action on Sugar carried out the research on cereals being sold in the UK alongside Action on Salt, finding many products also contain worrying levels of salt.
Only two cereals out of the 77 in the survey – Morrisons Super Smooth Porridge and Sainsbury’s Puffed Wheat – were deemed to have healthy levels of sugar and salt.
‘Breakfast cereals should be a healthy choice as they contain fibre and are fortified with vitamins and minerals,’ said Kawther Hashem, a nutritionist and campaign lead at Action on Sugar.
‘However, our study shows that cereals with packaging that may appeal to children often contain unacceptable amounts of sugar.
‘Why aren’t all cereal manufacturers reducing sugar levels as per Public Health England’s evidence-based recommendations and actively marketing healthier (those with green traffic lights for fat, salt and sugar) breakfast cereals to parents and children?
‘It is time they used their creative minds to sell their products responsibly.’
The campaign group split the cereals into red (more than 22.5g of sugar per 100g cereal), amber (5g to 22.5g sugar) and green (less than 5g sugar).
HOW MUCH SUGAR IS TOO MUCH?
The amount of sugar a person should eat in a day depends on how old they are.
Children aged four to six years old should be limited to a maximum of 19 grams per day.
Seven to 10-year-olds should have no more than 24 grams, and children aged 11 and over should have 30g or less.
Popular snacks contain a surprising amount of sugar and even a single can of Coca Cola (35g of sugar) or one Mars bar (33g) contains more than the maximum amount of sugar a child should have over a whole day.
A bowl of Frosties contains 24g of sugar, meaning a 10-year-old who has Frosties for breakfast has probably reached their limit for the day before they even leave the house.
Children who eat too much sugar risk damaging their teeth, putting on fat and becoming overweight, and getting type 2 diabetes which increases the risk of heart disease and cancer.
Almost half of all the cereals – 38 out of 77 – were rated red for sugar, while 37 were amber.
Last year, chief executive of NHS England Simon Stevens warned sugary breakfast cereals should be treated in the same way as fizzy drinks to fight childhood obesity.
Mr Stevens said food manufacturers will have to change the way they produce breakfast cereals if the Government’s obesity strategy is to succeed.
Giving evidence to the Commons Health and Social Care Committee, he said it was concerning that products marketed as healthy often contained large amounts of sugar.
‘On average children are having the equivalent of three sugar lumps at breakfast,’ he said at the time.
Packaging often featuring animals and bright colours add to cereals’ appeal to children, experts fear, and critics say companies should be stopped from using them.
Professor Graham MacGregor, chairman of both Action on Sugar and Action on Salt, said: ‘This survey shows that companies that make packaging of unhealthy products targeted at children are completely irresponsible.
‘It is immoral that breakfast cereals companies can get away with it, it is time we made it easier for parents and only allow those cereals which carry a green label to be allowed to feature cartoons on packaging which may appeal to children.
‘In our view the government needs to ban use of such packaging on unhealthy products.’
Salt is also a problem, campaigners said, with 65 of the cereals in today’s research receiving an amber warning, meaning they contained more than 1.6g per 100g of cereal.
NHS guidelines recommend children consume no more than 2g of salt each day as toddlers, 3g daily between the ages of four and six, 5g between seven and 10, and 6g per day for over-11s.
For salt, Marshmallow Mateys was again the worst offender and the only cereal to receive a red rating for its 1.6g – more than is in a bag of ready salted crisps.
Director of Action on Salt, Katharine Jenner, said: ‘As a parent, it is frustratingly hard to try and find food and drink products that are both nutritionally balanced and appeal to your children.
‘Instead we have something of a “Sophie’s Choice”, where we have to decide between high sugar products – putting our children at risk of obesity, type 2 diabetes and tooth decay, or high salt products – putting our children at risk of high blood pressure and cardiovascular disease later in life. It is ridiculous.’
|Product Name||Serving Size (g)||Salt Per 100 ( g )||Salt Per Serving ( g )||Sugars Per 100 ( g )||Sugars Per Serving ( g )|
|Malt O Meal Marshmallow Mateys||30||1.6||0.5||40.2||12.2|
|Morrisons Choco Pillows||30||0.5||0.1||36.1||10.8|
|Sainsbury’s Frosted Flakes||30||0.59||0.18||34||10.2|
|Morrisons Choco Crackles||30||0.75||0.22||32.1||9.6|
|Tesco Choco Snaps||30||0.7||0.2||32.1||9.6|
|Asda Choco Snaps||30||0.75||0.22||32||9.6|
|Aldi Harvest Morn Honey & Nut Clusters With Milk Chocolate||45||0.65||0.29||30||13|
|Sainsbury’s Choco Hazelnut Squares||30||0.62||0.19||29.7||8.9|
|Co op Choco Rice Crispies||30||0.65||0.2||29||8.8|
|Aldi Harvest Morn Frosted Flakes||30||0.53||0.16||29||8.6|
|Asda Frosted Flakes||30||0.53||0.16||29||8.6|
|The Co-operative Frosted Flakes||30||0.53||0.16||29||8.6|
|Lidl Crownfield Choco Rice||30||0.38||0.11||28.9||8.7|
|Morrisons Frosted Flakes||30||0.53||0.16||28.5||8.6|
|Tesco Frosted Flakes||30||0.5||0.2||28.5||8.6|
|Tesco Pillows With Choco – Nut Filling||30||0.5||0.2||28.2||8.5|
|Aldi Harvest Morn Honey Nut Crunchy Corn Flakes||40||0.47||0.19||28||11|
|Aldi Harvest Morn Choco Rice||30||0.56||0.17||28||8.5|
|Sainsbury’s Choco Rice Pops||30||0.66||0.2||28||8.4|
|Kellogg’s Coco Pops Rocks||30||0.75||0.23||27||8.1|
|Tesco Pillows with Milk Chocolate Filling||30||0.5||0.2||26.2||7.9|
|Asda Cocoa Wheaties||40||0.4||0.16||26||10|
|Asda Frosted Wheaties||40||0.41||0.33||26||10|
|Asda Jungle Bites||30||0.5||0.15||26||7.8|
|Kellogg’s Unicorn Froot Loops||30||1.13||0.34||25||7.5|
|Tesco Multigrain Boulders||30||0.6||0.2||25||7.5|
|Asda Golden Balls||30||0.58||0.17||25||7.5|
|Asda Coco Squares||30||0.55||0.17||25||7.5|
|Lidl Crownfield Frosted Flakes||30||0.49||0.15||24.9||7.5|
|Asda Honey Hoops||30||0.55||0.17||24||7.2|
|Morrisons Honey Loops||30||0.55||0.17||24||7.2|
|Asda Choco Flakes||30||0.55||0.17||24||7.2|
|Lidl Crownfield Choco Shells||30||0.37||0.11||23.9||7.2|
|Lidl Crownfield Choco Hoops||30||0.6||0.18||23.5||7.1|
|Aldi Harvest Morn Honey & Nut Clusters||45||0.71||0.32||23||10|
|Harvest Morn Honey Hoops||30||0.69||0.21||23||6.8|
|Tesco Crunchy Cookie Cereal||30||0.4||0.1||22.1||6.6|
|Asda Cookie Crunch||30||0.38||0.11||22||6.6|
|Nestle Cookie Crisp||30||0.79||0.24||22||6.7|
|Harvest Morn Choco Hoops||30||0.28||0.08||22||6.7|
|Asda Choco Hoops||30||0.43||0.13||22||6.6|
|Morrisons Choco Hoops||30||0.43||0.13||22||6.6|
|Tesco Choco Hoops||30||0.4||0.1||22||6.6|
|Lidl Crownfield Cereal Cookie||30||0.62||0.19||21.9||6.6|
|Lidl Crownfield Corn Flakes Honey & Peanuts||30||0.46||0.14||21.9||6.6|
|Aldi Harvest Morn Golden Puffs||40||0.11||0.04||21||8.4|
|Asda Chosen by You Choco Balls||30||0.3||0.09||21||6.3|
|Lidl Crownfield Honey Hoops||30||0.19||0.06||20.9||6.3|
|Asda Choco-Nut Squares||30||0.05||0.02||20||6|
|Sainsbury’s Choco Hoops||30||0.15||0.05||19.7||5.9|
|Aldi Harvest Morn Multi-Grain Hoops||30||0.61||0.18||19||5.8|
|Asda Multigrain Hoops||30||0.55||0.17||19||5.7|
|Morrisons Magic Balance||40||0.65||0.26||18.7||7.5|
|Tesco Multigrain Hoops||30||0.6||0.2||17||5.1|
|Morrisons Super Hoops||30||0.58||0.17||17||5.1|
|Co-operative Multigrain Hoops||30||0.58||0.17||17||5.1|
|Kellogg’s Coco Pops||30||0.7||0.21||17||5.1|
|Kellogg’s Rice Krispies Multi-Grain Shapes||30||0.18||0.05||15||4.5|
|The Co-operative Malt Crunchies||30||0.6||0.18||14||4.2|
|Sainsbury’s Wholegrain Malties||40||0.6||0.24||13.9||5.6|
|Kellogg’s Crunchy Nut Peanut Butter Clusters||45||0.45||0.2||12||5.4|
|Lizis Adventurers Banana Granola||30||0.1||0.1||11.6||3.5|
|Lizi’s Adventurers Strawberry Granola||30||0.1||0.1||11.5||3.5|
|Asda Malted Wheaties||40||0.43||0.17||11||4.4|
|Morrisons Mighty Malties||40||0.43||0.17||11||4.4|
|Co-op Crispy Rice||30||0.7||0.2||9.4||2.8|
|Lidl Crownfield Rice Snaps||30||0.88||0.26||8.9||2.7|
|Aldi Harvest Morn Crisp Rice||30||0.74||0.22||8.8||2.7|
|Asda Rice Snaps||30||0.73||0.22||8.8||2.7|
|Morrisons Rice Crackles||30||0.73||0.22||8.8||2.7|
|Tesco Rice Snaps||30||0.7||0.2||8.8||2.7|
|Kellogg’s Corn Flakes||30||1.13||0.34||8||2.4|
|Kellogg’s Rice Krispies||30||1||0.3||7.9||2.4|
|Morrisons Super Smooth Porridge||40||0||0||1||0.4|
|Sainsbury’s Puffed Wheat||30||0.01||0.01||0.6||0.5|